The United Nations report has found that humans must value nature as well as the benefits of the environment in order to survive

Considering all the benefits that nature offers to humans and what “good quality of life” means is the key to sustainable life on Earth, four years of evaluations by 82 leading scientists have found.

A market-based focus on short-term gains and economic growth means that the broader benefits of nature have been neglected, leading to poor decisions that have reduced people’s well-being and contributed to climate and natural crises. , According to a United Nations report. To achieve sustainable development, quality approaches must be included in decision making.

This means correctly valuing the spiritual, cultural and emotional values ​​that nature brings to humans, according to a report by the Intergovernmental Science-Policy Platform on Price Diversity and Ecosystem Services (Ipbes). The assessment includes more than 13,000 references, including scientific papers, and internal and local sources of information. This was done in collaboration with experts in the social sciences, economics and humanities.

The report is based on a Dasgupta review, which found that the planets are being put at “extreme risk” due to the economy’s failure to take into account the true value of nature. The report says the inclusion of diverse worldviews and knowledge systems will be key to a stable future.

Professor Unipascol, from the Basque Center for Climate Change, who led an assessment of nature’s diverse values ​​and assessments, said: “There is a dominant way of making decisions based on things that seem very simple, very quantitative. , And very scientific, and we say: ‘No, this is not good science.’ There are many social sciences and humanities and other systems of knowledge that can also tell us how to do things.

The review outlines four general perspectives that need to be considered; “Living by nature” refers to her ability to provide us with our necessities such as food and supplies; “Living with nature”, which is the right of non-human life to progress; “Living in nature” refers to people’s right to a sense of place and identity, and finally, “living as nature”, which treats the world as a spiritual part of man.

“The type and quality of information that assessment studies can produce largely depends on how, why and by whom the assessment is designed and implemented,” says Professor Mike Christie, of the University of Aberystwyth Business School. “It affects the values ​​of who and what nature will be identified in the decisions, and how the benefits and burdens of those decisions will be fairly distributed.”

There are 50 different methods and techniques for expressing the value of nature in decisions, yet the researchers found that the method that values ​​nature by the parties involved was considered in only 2% of the studies. Going forward, the authors say, there are many tools available to express the values ​​of nature and this must be implemented. One way of working is to use community meetings, which reflect the sociology of the given people and give them the opportunity to discuss their values, interests and understandings. It occurs nationally in a number of countries.

A successful example is how the Canadian Atomic Waste Management Organization integrates internal perspectives into planning, in which decision-makers participate in ceremonies and “experiment” with the ground together. Another was that the Indian government decided not to dig near Mount Niamgiri which is sacred to the people of Dongriya Kund. The intrinsic value of the site for the rare species and the cultural and spiritual value for the local people was more valuable than the financial gains from this mining.

There are consequences to considering other values, such as environmental leaders being killed because they claimed land that had been neglected, said Patricia, a professor at Mexico’s National Autonomous University. Balwanra says he led the assessment. “Evidence shows that if, from the beginning, local values ​​are taken into account, people will feel part of the project and will work harder with whatever was agreed upon.” ‘Development’ and ‘better quality of life’ involve redefining and recognizing. There are several ways in which people relate to each other and the natural world, “she says.

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The assessment was approved by representatives of seven countries in Bonn, Germany. “The deputies who confirmed the report say it’s a game-changer,” Pascal said. “They know that we have gone through a very narrow sense of understanding nature, and that brings us to a situation where we live on a planet that is interconnected crises … [report] One of the many components is the need to convince very strong participants and decision makers to change the way they approach nature.

Ipbes, equivalent to the IPCC for biodiversity, was created to provide scientific advice to governments around the world on how to conserve nature. Last week, it released another report that found that wild species support half the world’s population but their future use threatens more extraction.

This comes ahead of the Cop15 Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) in Montreal in December, which will set nature’s goals for the next decade, and the authors say the findings should provide valuable help in the process. “I appreciate the work of all Ipbes experts for this and look forward to its active use by all parties and partners in the Convention,” said Elizabeth Maroma Marima, CBD Executive Secretary.

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