The James Webb Space Telescope will release its first high-resolution color photographs on July 12. One of these images is “the deepest image of our universe ever taken.” NASA Director Bill Nelson said at a news conference on Wednesday.
“If you think about it, it’s far from humane,” Nelson said. “And we only know what the web can and will do. It will look for things in the atmosphere of exoplanets around the solar system and other stars, which gives us clues as to whether their atmospheres are likely to be ours.” Are similar to planets. “
Nelson, who shared that he tested positive for the Cowboys-19 on Tuesday night, did not personally attend the event at the Space Telescope Science Institute in Baltimore.
The web mission, which is expected to last 10 years, has enough extra fuel to work for 20 years, according to NASA Deputy Director Pam Miller.
At the same time, the web team is finalizing the final stages of preparing the observer and its tools to gather scientific information, which should be completed by next week, said Bill Ochs, NASA’s web project manager.
What to expect
The web started taking its first photos a few weeks ago, and it is still taking some photos that will be shared on July 12th. This package of color photographs will be the result of 120 hours of observation – worth about five days. Data
The first goal of the telescope was to look at the first stars and galaxies in the universe, essentially seeing that “the universe illuminates the lights for the first time,” said Eric Smith, web program scientist and head scientist at NASA’s Star Physics division. Said.
The exact number and nature of the images have not been shared, but “each will reveal different aspects of the universe in unparalleled detail and sensitivity,” said Klaus Pontopidan, a web project scientist at the Space Telescope Science Institute.
The first edition will highlight the scientific capabilities of the web as well as the capabilities of this great golden image and scientific instrument that will produce interesting images.
The images will show how galaxies interact and grow and how collisions between galaxies form star formation, as well as examples of the life cycle of stars. And we can expect to see the first spectrum of the exoplanet, or how the waves of light and different colors reflect the characteristics of the rest of the world.
The telescope’s near-infrared photographer and satelliteless spectrograph instrument are set to launch this week. The device will be able to use a special prism to distribute light collected from cosmic sources to create three different rays that reflect more than 2,000 infrared colors from a single observation.
This is especially useful when observing exoplanets to determine if they have an atmosphere – and selecting the atoms and molecules inside them when stellar light is illuminated through the atmosphere to determine its structure.
The best part is that the web team is only at the beginning of the mission, and the information gathered by the space observer will be made public so scientists around the world can “start a joint discovery journey,” Pontopidan said. .
The data collected by the web will enable scientists to accurately measure planets, stars and galaxies in a way that has never been possible before, said Susan Molly, assistant scientist at the web project at the Space Telescope Science Institute.
Jonathan Gardner, vice president of the Web project at NASA, said: “The Web can, over time, search for galaxies that are so far away after a massive explosion. Let’s go. ” .
Thomas Zorbochin, associate director for NASA’s science mission department, has seen some of the first images that will be shared on July 12.
“It’s an emotional moment when you see that nature suddenly reveals some of its secrets,” Zorbachin said on Wednesday. “With this telescope, it’s really hard not to break records.”