CERN’s giant Hadron Collider fires for third time to reveal more cosmos secrets

CERN’s giant Hadron Collider fires for third time to reveal more cosmos secrets

Now, physicists at the European Union for Nuclear Research (CERN) on the Swiss-French border are resuming collisions. Aiming to learn more about the Higgs boson, other subatomic particles, and the mysteries of dark matter – an obscure and obscure matter that cannot be seen because it does not absorb, reflect, or emit any light.

Formed in a 27-kilometer (16.7-mile) ring, the Great Hadron Collider – located deep beneath the Alps – is made up of a superconducting magnet that cools to ‑271.3 ° C (-456 F). Which is much colder than outer space. It works by combining small particles to allow scientists to see them and see what is inside.

On Tuesday, scientists at CERN will begin gathering data for their experiments, and the giant Hadron The collider will last about four years. is this The third phase for the big machine, thanks to advanced data reading and selection systems as well as new detector systems and computer infrastructure with greater accuracy and detection capabilities than ever before.
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“When we do research we hope that we will find something unexpected, a surprise. That would be the best result. But of course the answer is in the hands of nature, and it depends on how nature is in fundamental physics. Answers open-ended questions. ” Fabiola Gianotti, CERN’s director general, said in a video posted on CERN’s website.

“We are looking for answers to the dark matter-related questions as to why the Higgs boson is so light and so many more open-ended questions.”

Understanding the Higgs boson

Physicists Francois Englert and Peter Higgs first proposed the existence of the Higgs boson in the 1960s. The standard model of physics explains the basics of how elementary particles and forces interact in the universe. But the theory failed to explain how particles actually get their mass. Particles, or fragments of matter, are in size and may be larger or smaller than atoms. Electrons, protons and neutrons, for example, are subatomic particles that make up an atom. Scientists now Believe that the Higgs boson is the particle that gives all matter its weight.

In 2013, a year after the discovery of the particle, Englert and Higgs won the Nobel Prize for their far-sighted predictions. But much is still unknown about the Higgs boson, and the unraveling of these mysteries may help scientists understand the universe on a smaller scale and some of the larger mysteries of the cosmos.
The Great Hadron Collider, which opened in 2008, is the only place in the world where the Higgs boson can be produced and studied in detail. The third went off successfully at 10.47am on Tuesday.

In the final phase of the experiments, CERN scientists will study the properties of matter under heat and density, and will be looking for explanations. For dark matter and for other new phenomena, either through direct probes or indirectly – by accurately measuring the properties of known particles.

“While all the results obtained so far are consistent with the standard model, there is still ample room for new phenomena beyond those predicted by this theory,” CERN theorist Michelangelo Mangano said in a statement.

Dark matter is thought to make up the bulk of matter Discovered by the ability to create gravitational distortions in the universe and beyond.

“The Higgs boson itself may be pointing to a new phenomenon, including some that may be responsible for dark matter in the universe,” said Luca Malgari, a spokesman for the CMS (Compact Muon Solenoid). One, which is built around a large electromagnet.

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