Now, physicists at the European Union for Nuclear Research (CERN) on the Swiss-French border are resuming collisions. Aiming to learn more about the Higgs boson, other subatomic particles, and the mysteries of dark matter – an obscure and obscure matter that cannot be seen because it does not absorb, reflect, or emit any light.
Formed in a 27-kilometer (16.7-mile) ring, the Great Hadron Collider – located deep beneath the Alps – is made up of a superconducting magnet that cools to ‑271.3 ° C (-456 F). Which is much colder than outer space. It works by combining small particles to allow scientists to see them and see what is inside.
“When we do research we hope that we will find something unexpected, a surprise. That would be the best result. But of course the answer is in the hands of nature, and it depends on how nature is in fundamental physics. Answers open-ended questions. ” Fabiola Gianotti, CERN’s director general, said in a video posted on CERN’s website.
“We are looking for answers to the dark matter-related questions as to why the Higgs boson is so light and so many more open-ended questions.”
Understanding the Higgs boson
Physicists Francois Englert and Peter Higgs first proposed the existence of the Higgs boson in the 1960s. The standard model of physics explains the basics of how elementary particles and forces interact in the universe. But the theory failed to explain how particles actually get their mass. Particles, or fragments of matter, are in size and may be larger or smaller than atoms. Electrons, protons and neutrons, for example, are subatomic particles that make up an atom. Scientists now Believe that the Higgs boson is the particle that gives all matter its weight.
In the final phase of the experiments, CERN scientists will study the properties of matter under heat and density, and will be looking for explanations. For dark matter and for other new phenomena, either through direct probes or indirectly – by accurately measuring the properties of known particles.
Dark matter is thought to make up the bulk of matter Discovered by the ability to create gravitational distortions in the universe and beyond.
“The Higgs boson itself may be pointing to a new phenomenon, including some that may be responsible for dark matter in the universe,” said Luca Malgari, a spokesman for the CMS (Compact Muon Solenoid). One, which is built around a large electromagnet.